ou may have questions about building a second unit. How do you find an architect and builder for your second unit? How should your team work together? How can you make sure you project will get approved?
Reviewing these steps before you begin can help you become familiar with the process.
Homework involves answering three questions:
- Why do I want to build a second unit? List your goals and what the unit must have to meet your needs and those of the people that will reside in the unit. Second unit types include:
- interior units (basement, attic, splitting the living space)
- attached units (additions)
- detached units (backyard cottages)
- garage conversions
- units on top of garage (existing or new)
- What can I build? Your second unit must comply with local standards and requirements and be a compatible fit with your neighborhood. Links to general standards for each jurisdiction in San Mateo County are provided here. Meet with your City before you spend much time or money to understand all the rules that will apply to your specific project.
- What will it cost and how much should I budget? The calculator on this site can let you see the typical cost of building a second unit and the potential rental income.
Selecting an architect or designer involves looking at their past work of a similar scale and checking references. It’s also helpful if they have worked in your community and know the local project and permitting process.
Once you have created a basic plan for your second unit in collaboration with your designer/architect, you are ready to hire a builder. Ask two or three builders to bid on your second unit, all based on the same set of plans and specifications. It is important to specify whether you want inexpensive construction, luxury details or something in between.
Put everything you agree to in writing and make sure you understand the contract before signing. Here are some tips from the State about hiring a builder.
- If you already have a good idea of what you want to build, consider hiring a “design/build” contractor who can both design and build the second unit.
- Always check a builder’s license status to make sure they are in good standing with the state. cslb.ca.gov/consumers
Size matters. Typically, a studio is 500 square feet, a one-bedroom is 700 square feet and a two-bedroom is 1,000 square feet. Think about who will live there over time.
Decide what you need. Think about what you want both inside and outside your second unit. You may be an avid gardener, so orienting the location and design of the second unit to keep the sun in your garden might be important. For the inside, will your tenant need storage space or a laundry room? Wheelchair accessibility? Keep thoughts like this in mind when working on the initial design.
Privacy. Privacy among the main house, the second unit and the neighbors should also be part of your design plan. If a family member is the tenant, you may want them to have easy access to the main residence. If you rent the unit, consider use of rear and side yards, entry pathways, and the location of parking for the second unit.
When you have a preliminary design, set up a pre-application meeting with the local planning (and possibly building) staff. At that meeting, ask questions and work out any critical code issues prior to submitting your permit application. Also, identify all requirements, fees and other considerations to avoid surprises later in the process.
At this point the project team (homeowner, designer/architect and builder) will work through any required modifications of the initial second unit plans and prepare the permit application(s).